OTA Dispatch Issue 1, 2023


A publication of the Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. 4005 SE Naef Rd., Portland, OR 97267 503.513.0005 • 888.293.0005 Fax: 503.513.0008 • www.ortrucking.org Jana Jarvis President/CEO jana@ortrucking.org Christine Logue Vice President of Operations christine@ortrucking.org Gregg Dal Ponte Director of Regulatory Compliance gregg@ortrucking.org Adam Williamson Director of Training & Development adam@ortrucking.org Ligia Visan Director of Accounting accounting@ortrucking.org Christa Wendland Communications Consultant wendland@ortrucking.org Jennifer Sitton Communications Consultant jennifer@ortrucking.org Mark Gibson Government Relations Policy Advisor mark@ortrucking.org For information about OTA events and to register online, visit www.ortrucking.org. Published for OTA by LLM Publications PO Box 25120, Portland, OR 97298-0120 503.445.2220 • 800.647.1511 • www.llmpubs.com President Stephen Bloss Design Hope Sudol Advertising Sales Ronnie Jacko For information about advertising in the Oregon Truck Dispatch, please contact Ronnie Jacko at 503.445.2234 or ronnie@llmpubs.com. Thank you, advertisers! Your support makes this publication possible. Please support them and tell them you saw them in the OTA Dispatch. 2 OTA Chair’s Message 3 OTA New Members 4 OTA President’s Message 5 Event Calendar 6 A Pivotal Year for Trucking in Oregon Issue 1 2023 CONTENTS Stay Connected With Us @OTAOregon Oregon Trucking Association @ORTrucking @ORTrucking.org Events 8 OTA Kicks Off 2023 with the Southern Oregon Industry Mixer 9 Join OTA for our Spring Safety Conference 1 0 OTA Receives Oregon Governor’s Occupational Safety & Health Conference Award Featured 1 2 Oregon Tops List of Most Expensive States for Trucking 16 State of the Union Highlights Trucking 1 8 Things Successful Supervisors Do Differently 2 0 Focusing on Workforce 2 4 Member Spotlight Safety 28 Accident Trends in Oregon 31 OTA’s Fleet Safety & Maintenance Certification Program

Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch 2023 IS UPON us, and with it comes new chapters, some new faces, and some of the same old challenges. Last year, we saw the election of a new governor and historic turnover in the Legislature, not to mention we now have a host of legislators who are in their second term in office and have yet to experience regular in-person meetings as part of their duties, as a result of being elected and serving through the duration of COVID-19 restrictions as well as the Capitol construction currently underway that further hampers their ability to return to their normal proceedings. But even as we face these logistical challenges, we also continue to see regulatory and legislative challenges that threaten our industry. There are efforts in the Legislature as well the Department of Environmental Quality to adopt environmental regulations being proposed in California that could cost our industry billions and may ultimately prove unworkable if they are adopted in their current form. There are also historic efforts underway to improve the I-5 and I-205 corridors including replacing the I-5 bridge. But the additional funding needing to complete the projects is still undetermined, which could include a heavy tolling scheme and even congestion pricing which could impact trucking vastly more than passenger vehicles. And these are just a couple of the hottest items that our staff and leadership at OTA are working on. With the many historic issues and proposals facing our industry, it is imperative that we continue to advocate for trucking however we can. That is why I implore you to mark your calendars for April 27, when OTA will be hosting Trucking Day at the Capitol. If you’re a veteran attendee, this year’s Trucking Day may look a little different than years past. If you’ve never been, I strongly urge you to join us and learn about issues affecting your business as well as get a chance to meet your legislators and discuss those issue. There are a lot of issues pending at the state level that are of critical importance to us, and there are a lot of new legislators who may not be aware of how big of a presence trucking has in their districts, or how reliant their constituents are on our businesses. As I often say, I believe we have some the best advocates in the business working on our behalf. But there is no replacement for hearing from you directly. And if you’re not willing to come share your story, how can we ask legislators to care about our cause? This will be our first inperson return to this event in four years, please join us to help make it one to remember. I firmly believe that the involvement we show and actions we take now could determine our industry’s fate on critical issues for many years to come. So please find a way to get involved. If you can’t make our Trucking Day at the Capitol, please reach out to staff or an OTA Board Member you know and ask how you can get involved in one of our policy committees. We need your input and action. It seems like we are at a turning point with many challenges before us at this moment in history, but I’m reminded that with great challenges come great opportunities. Let us not fail to miss it. See you down the road, Evan 2 Evan Oneto OTA Chair It seems like we are at a turning point with many challenges before us at this moment in history, but I’m reminded that with great challenges come great opportunities. Let us not fail to miss it. A New Year Brings New Challenges & New Opportunities

www.ortrucking.org 3 Issue 1 | 2023 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Chair & ATA State VP Evan Oneto (FedEx) Vice Chair Erik Zander (Omega Morgan) Secretary/Treasurer Bart Sherman (Sherman Bros. Trucking) ATA State VP Nick Card (Blackwell Consolidation) Past Chair Andy Owens (A&M Transport) ISI Rep Diane DeAutremont (Lile Int. Co.) Chair Appointee Ron Riddle (Leavitt’s Freight Service) DIRECTORS-AT-LARGE John Barnes (TEC Equipment) Greg Galbraith (Market Express) Scott Hammond (Knife River Corp.) Heather Hayes (Tradewinds Trans.) David Hopkins (TP Trucking) Charles Ireland (Ireland Trucking) Kirk Watkins (Western Heavy Haul) Regional Representatives Central Oregon Ron Cholin (Stinger Transport) Eastern Oregon Roni Shaw (Bowman Trucking) Metro Region Tim Love (Carson Oil Co.) Southern Oregon Ryan Hutchens (F.V. Martin Trucking) Willamette Valley Ron Bowers (Ron Bowers Inc.) COUNCIL REPRESENTATIVES Safety Management Council (SMC) Jennifer King (WHA Insurance) Technology & Maintenance Council (TMC) Mike Vallery (Oak Harbor Freight Lines, Inc.) Standing Committee Representatives Allied Trevin Fountain (Cummins) Government Affairs Kristal Fiser (UPS) Highway Policy Erik Zander, Omega Morgan Image Michael Card (Combined Transport) Membership Nick Card (Combined Transport) OTA in Action Mark Gibson (Siskiyou Transportation) Truck PAC Erik Zander (Omega Morgan) COMMITTEES Allied Government Affairs Highway Policy Image Membership Oregon TruckPAC OTA in Action To learn more about the committees or councils listed above, contact OTA at membership@ortrucking.org or 503.513.0005. 2022/2023 BOARD OF DIRECTORS OTA Welcomes the Following New Members! All members are listed in our online directory via the member portal. 160 Driving Academy Grael Trucking HTEC Taylor Transport

4 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch FROM THE PRESIDENT Jana Jarvis OTA President/CEO ADVOCACY. WEBSTER’S DEFINES it as “the act or process of supporting a cause or proposal.” It is often the purpose behind groups coming together to advocate for change. And it has been the basis for the establishment of trade organizations since the turn of the 20th century. Prior to 1880, individuals from various businesses testified before Congress, but there was no real collective activity as an industry. As the country grew, professional trade organizations began to emerge to collectively speak with one voice. The American Trucking Association was established in 1933, and Oregon trucking interests organized themselves together as the Oregon Motor Transport Association in 1939. In 1954, the name was changed to the Oregon Trucking Associations and just last year our Board of Directors voted to remove the “s” so that we could speak as one single organization. OTA represents to policymakers at both the local and state level the “voice of trucking,” and how we use that voice is instrumental to our success. Today, any number of issues under consideration by the Oregon Legislature could have a tremendous impact on your business. Labor policies, taxes, environmental regulations, and judicial policies have added to the transportation issues that OTA represents on your behalf. The 82nd Legislative Assembly convened on January 17 this year and has already published over 2,400 legislative proposals as of this writing. Many of these bills will never receive a legislative hearing and move forward through the process, but many of them will. How legislators view these ideas will be influenced by what they hear from proponents and opponents. On large, controversial issues, they may be influenced simply by the number of “for” and “against” that register to testify or submit written comments. Our democracy depends on the participation of those who would be impacted by these changes. As an industry, you cannot afford to not get involved. As a business association, OTA has a number of opportunities for member involvement. OTA looks to its committee structure for ideas and direction on how to implement programs that benefit both membership and the trucking industry. From providing input in the policy arena to helping grow our membership, we have a committee to meet your interest and expertise and we are grateful to those members who volunteer their time and knowledge to helping make OTA even more relevant to its membership. This year, OTA is doing something different to put the voice of Oregon trucking at the forefront of conversations involving our industry. OTA has established a Key Contact program to help inform policymakers on issues relevant to the trucking industry. Our goal for this program is to establish at least one OTA member as a Key Contact for each of the 90 elected members of the Oregon Legislature to provide a constituent voice on issues that impact your bottom line. This effort will take time to develop, but it is key to accomplishing our goal of protecting our industry. In addition to our new Key Contact program, with the Legislative Session underway and our industry under attack, this is certainly the year for you to participate in our Trucking Day at the Capitol on April 27 in Salem. This is certainly one of those events where numbers matter…and where OTA could use your support. We will be organizing dayof issue briefings, meetings with legislators, and a late afternoon reception that will help show all 90 legislators how much you care about the issues our industry faces. The more faces we have in person Take a small step this year. Volunteer. Participate. We will all be the better for it. Showing the Strength of Our Industry Through Advocacy

5 www.ortrucking.org Issue 1 | 2023 ADVOCATING, EDUCATING, AND PROMOTING THE TRUCKING INDUSTRY EVENTS UPCOMING EVENTS representing trucking in Oregon on April 27, the stronger an impression we will leave with decisionmakers! Don’t let the fact that you haven’t participated in the past keep you from coming this year. We have experienced members ready to take the lead in individual legislator meetings, but we also need to show strong support with participation from as many OTA members as possible. From hiring practices to taxes to road construction projects, OTA needs to show our strength as an organization. Can we count on you to be there? But not all of OTA’s advocacy efforts involve issue management—some of our member engagement opportunities are even more fun than fighting back against harmful legislation! Participation in our exclusive member events such as the Spring Safety Conference, the Annual Leadership Convention or our Maintenance Fair provide both educational and networking opportunities that can grow your business. Our Truck Driving Championship scheduled for this June is one of my favorite OTA events. In 2019, we gathered in Portland where over 500 contestants and their families and their companies were in attendance to cheer on the “best of the best” as they competed for Nationals held later that summer. This year’s event is scheduled for June in Portland and we look forward to spending the day with you as we are reminded of the skill and professionalism in our industry. Let’s work toward setting a new record of attendance at this year’s event! Not only will strong participation highlight our member involvement, it also shows the public and policymakers the strength of our industry. There are many challenges before us as a business association and as an industry. We see technological changes before us as advocates push for carbon-neutral fuels as our source of energy. We see changes in consumer spending that will impact our delivery approaches and equipment needs. And we see policy changes to encourage production in our country rather than outsource to foreign workers which will impact raw material and Get the latest on OTA training & events online at www.ortrucking.org/events. finished goods transportation needs for years to come. As you consider how you’ll get involved in OTA’s advocacy efforts this year, I’ll leave you with the words of Queen Elizabeth II: “It’s worth remembering that it is often the small steps, not the giant leaps, that bring about the most lasting change.” Take a small step this year. Volunteer. Participate. We will all be the better for it.

6 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch Mark Gibson, Chair OTA in Action Committee/ President, Siskiyou Transportation WHILE ADVOCACY HAS always been a priority of OTA and our members, 2023 will be a pivotal year in Salem, particularly for our industry. New Leadership Means New Opportunities for Education We have already seen significant change in the leadership of our state government, including a new governor, new state agency heads, and new leadership in the legislature, including a new Speaker of the House for the first time in a decade. Significant turnover in the both the Oregon House of Representatives and the Senate means that institutional knowledge of the legislative process, policy priorities, and the many different industries operating in Oregon is at an all-time low. New faces and new priorities for these state leaders offer both a challenge for our advocacy team and an opportunity. With less institutional knowledge among decisionmakers, our team can focus on educating legislators and agency leaders about the needs and priorities of the trucking industry in Oregon. Legislative Threats to the Trucking Industry But while new beginnings may offer an opportunity for a fresh slate, we also know that our industry is facing threats this year like never before. Three months into the 2023 Legislative Session, we already know that the legislature is considering making significant policy decisions this year that will impact every aspect of your business operations. The legislature is considering dozens of bills this year that would impact employers across the state, including adjustments to the Paid Family Medical Leave program and legislation that would prohibit employers from asking anything about an applicant’s experience or education as it pertains to their ability to perform the job in question, in order to prevent age discrimination. A Pivotal Year for Trucking in Oregon: Get Involved to Protect our Industry This isn’t the year to stay on the sidelines. Thank you for helping OTA advocate for our industry.

7 Issue 1 | 2023 www.ortrucking.org Conversations continue around the funding of the I-5 Bridge Replacement Program and tolling, and we know that tensions around both issues will increase significantly as implementation approaches. In addition, trucking’s contribution to carbon emissions continues to dominate environmental policy discussions. You Can’t Afford Not to Get Involved While our OTA advocacy team remains actively engaged with the legislature to protect our industry every day, we know that legislators and other decisionmakers want to hear directly from those most impacted. They want to hear from you! If you have ever considered getting involved with our OTA advocacy efforts, now is the time. With both the opportunities and the threats facing our industry this Legislative Session, you can’t afford not to stay informed or to get involved. Here are just a few ways you can get involved and support our advocacy efforts this year: ` Join our Key Contact Program and help us develop a personal connection with your local legislator `Attend Trucking Day at the Capitol in Salem on April 27 ` Write a check to TruckPAC to support our efforts with legislators ` Join OTA’s Leadership Circle and help frame our positions on the most pressing issues facing our industry ` Stay informed through our Weekly Express and our legislative updates This isn’t the year to stay on the sidelines. Thank you for helping OTA advocate for our industry.

8 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch EVENTS OTA Kicks Off 2023 with the Southern Oregon Industry Mixer THANK YOU TO everyone who joined us for OTA’s 9th Annual Southern Oregon Industry Mixer on Jan. 19 at Seven Feathers Casino Resort in Canyonville. Always a popular event, this annual mixer offers an opportunity for OTA carrier and allied members, as well as industry supporters and non-members, to come together and hear the latest updates about the industry and the association. Attendees also got a closer look at American Transportation Research Institute’s (ATRI) latest list of top industry issues. ATRI President & COO Rebecca Brewster presented this new research and shared ways that the industry can apply it to making operational decisions. This information also helps us make our case on policies and regulations that have been implemented or are on the horizon. Industry mixers and association events offer another opportunity for members to get involved with our OTA activities, particularly as the Legislative Session ramps up and it becomes even more important that our industry’s voice is being heard by decisionmakers. Thank you to everyone who joined us for this year’s Southern Oregon Mixer and to our sponsors who helped make the event a success. If you missed this year’s event, make sure you mark your calendar for the 10th Annual OTA Southern Oregon Industry Mixer on January 25, 2024 at Seven Feathers!

9 www.ortrucking.org Issue 1 | 2023 Join OTA for our Spring Safety Conference April 6–7, 2023! OTA WILL HOST its Spring Safety Conference on April 6–7 at the Salem Convention Center. This annual event focuses on the cornerstone of the trucking industry: safety. Professionals who are responsible for fleet and team management, as well as those involved in HR and health/safety, will gather to hear from expert speakers on timely topics and explore the latest offerings from the allied partners who support the work that they do. The Safety Conference will begin on Wednesday afternoon with a preconference training session at no additional cost for attendees and a NW Fleet Safety Alumni Dinner in the evening. The Annual Safety Awards banquet also takes place on Thursday night at the awards banquet, during the conference. Fleet Safety and Safety Professional of the Year awards will be handed out at the conference. Here are just a few of the breakout session topics you can expect to see at this year’s Safety Conference: • Creating an effective emergency action and response plan • Vehicle mitigation coaching • Safer trucking: Essential resources and tools for drivers If you haven’t yet signed up to attend, it’s not too late! Register online at www. ortrucking.org. We’ll see you in Salem! View the full agenda and register at ortrucking.org/ events.

10 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch OTA Receives Oregon Governor’s Occupational Safety & Health Conference Award OTA WAS PROUD to be one of 11 recipients of the 2023 Oregon Governor’s Occupational Safety & Health (GOSH) Conference Awards. This year’s recipients included individuals, organizations or companies who have gone above and beyond to ensure workplace safety and health. Recipients were honored at the 2023 Oregon GOSH Conference in early March. OTA was selected to receive the 2023 GOSH Association Award for its work to ensure workplace safety and health. Some of OTA’s key accomplishments, identified by Oregon OSHA, include: ` During the pandemic, OTA moved quickly to provide new training, information, and other support resources to truck drivers who had to adapt to new challenges as they continued to deliver products at record levels. OTA kept truck drivers informed of changing safety rules through virtual learning sessions, for example. And with truckers facing restaurant closures and limited meal options due to the pandemic, OTA coordinated and provided box lunches—complete with facial coverings and hand sanitizer—at weigh stations throughout Oregon. ` OTA has developed and maintained several successful safety programs for its members. This includes the NW Fleet Safety Professional program, which provides safety professionals with tools and information to manage their fleets and their companies’ safety programs. The NW Fleet Maintenance Professional is a similar program which focuses on helping supervisors or shop managers develop and maintain safety programs in a shop environment. ` OTA maintains a comprehensive set of communication methods to ensure its members stay informed in a timely manner. Those methods include newsletters, mailers, targeted emails, a quarterly printed magazine, and quarterly and annual conferences. Among the association’s standout communication methods is a webbased database that enables it to conduct outreach to members and nonmembers. Thank you to our members who inspire us to continue to advocate for improved safety and health throughout Oregon’s trucking industry every day!

12 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch Oregon Tops List of Most Expensive States for Trucking WHEREVER YOU TURN, the costs of everyday items have increased, and businesses have not been spared from these inflation-driven price increases. However, new research has shown that the trucking industry in Oregon bears a significantly higher burden, and pays more in taxes and fees, than operators in other states. Based on a recent American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) study, Oregon is the most expensive state to operate a commercial heavy vehicle when it comes to truckingspecific taxes out of the 50 states and Washington, D.C. These trucking-specific taxes are in addition to regular business taxes that trucking companies also pay. In 2023, Oregon trucking companies pay $33,064 in state and federal highway user taxes each year ($22,508 in state taxes and $10,556 in federal taxes). To put that into perspective, here are the other states that round out the top five: ` #2—Connecticut: $30,014 ` #3—Pennsylvania: $25,533 ` #4—California: $25,458 ` #5—Illinois: $23,497 The least expensive state to operate a commercial heavy vehicle in terms of trucking-specific taxes is Alaska at $12,339 (State–$1,783; Federal–$10,556). Our neighbors to the north also pay less that Oregon operators. Washington comes in at number eight, with $20,633 in trucking-specific taxes. Even while trucking in Oregon faces a disproportionately higher tax burden than our colleagues in other states, the cost of trucking has increased exponentially in recent years all across the country. New research from ATRI found that the total marginal cost of trucking grew by 12.7% in 2021 (the most recent data available) to $1.855 per mile, the highest on record. Leading contributors to this increase were fuel (35.4% higher than in 2020), repair and maintenance (18.2% higher than in 2020), and driver wages (10.8% higher than in 2020). On a costper-hour basis, costs increased to $74.65. Our team at OTA recognizes that the constantly increasing cost of trucking in Oregon is not sustainable, which is why we continue to advocate for reasonable policies and legislation to alleviate the burdens on our operators. If you’re interested in lending your voice to our advocacy activities, please contact our team at info@ortrucking.org. Together, we can help raise awareness about the increased cost of trucking and advocate for reasonable fee structures for trucking operators in Oregon. Did You Know? Oregon is the #1 state for state and federal highway user taxes. Oregon trucking companies pay $33,064 in state and federal highway user taxes each year. Oregon trucking companies pay $3,050 more than the next highest taxing state. State Ranking by $ Total State Total Annual State Highway User Fees ($) Federal Fuel Heavy Vehicle Use and Excise Taxes Total State and Federal Highway User Fees 1 Oregon $22,508 $10,556 $33,064 2 Connecticut $19,458 $10,556 $30,014 3 Pennsylvania $14,977 $10,556 $25,533 4 California $14,902 $10,556 $25,458 5 Illinois $12,941 $10,556 $23,497 Top Five States with the Highest Highway User Taxes

13 www.ortrucking.org Issue 1 | 2023 Since 2002, the American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) has collected and processed truck GPS data in support of numerous U.S. DOT freight mobility initiatives. Using truck GPS data from more than 1 million freight trucks, ATRI develops and monitors a series of key performance measures on the nation’s freight transportation system. Among its many GPS analyses, ATRI converts its truck GPS data into an ongoing truck bottleneck analysis that is used to quantify the impact of traffic congestion on truck-borne freight at over 300 specific locations. While other outside analyses may identify congested corridors, no dataset available today specifically identifies granular chokepoints in the nation’s truck freight transportation system. With the November 2021 enactment of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, ATRI’s top truck bottleneck list is poised to guide investment decisions to address the nation’s supply chain challenges. ATRI’s annual Top Truck Bottleneck Analysis used a full year of truck GPS data from 2021 to calculate the top chokepoints for 2022. Throughout 2020 and into 2021, the trucking industry continued to deliver essential goods to keep America moving during and beyond the pandemic. While 2020 saw greatly reduced traffic congestion as a result of car drivers sheltering in place, 2021 saw traffic levels rebound as more Americans returned to work and consumer demand for goods and services continued to grow. Consequently, supply chain bottlenecks occurred throughout the country. CA WA TX GA TN NY CT 11.2% year-over-year Texas .................. 14 Georgia ................ 9 Tennessee ........... 9 California ............. 8 Washington ......... 7 Connecticut ......... 6 New York .............. 6 STATES WITH THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF TOP 100 BOTTLENECKS: For more information on ATRI’s Top Truck Bottleneck analysis, including a detailed description of the methodology, visit www.TruckingResearch.org. TOP 100 BOTTLENECKS WITH AVERAGE TRUCK SPEEDS <45 MPH: NUMBER OF STATES WITH AT LEAST ONE TOP 100 BOTTLENECK: 30 AVERAGE PEAK HOUR TRUCK SPEED: 38.6 mph San Bernardino, CA I-10 at I-15 #9 Houston, TX I-45 at I-69/US 59 #3 Chicago, IL I-290 at I-90/I-94 #6 Fort Lee, NJ 1-95 at SR 4 #1 Cincinnati, OH I-71 at I-75 #2 Chattanooga, TN I-75 at I-24 #10 Atlanta, GA I-285 at I-85 (North) #4 Atlanta, GA I-20 at I-285 (West) #5 DOWN 43% 2022 TOP TRUCK BOTTLENECKS • BY THE NUMBERS Los Angeles, CA SR 60 at SR 57 #7 Dallas, TX 1-45 at I-30 #8

14 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch 1 Fort Lee, NJ: I-95 at SR 4 2 Cincinnati, OH: I-71 at I-75 3 Houston, TX: I-45 at I-69/US 59 4 Atlanta, GA: I-285 at I-85 (North) 5 Atlanta, GA: I-20 at I-285 (West) 6 Chicago, IL: I-290 at I-90/I-94 7 Los Angeles, CA: SR 60 at SR 57 8 Dallas, TX: I-45 at I-30 9 San Bernardino, CA: I-10 at I-15 10 Chattanooga, TN: I-75 at I-24 11 Nashville, TN: I-24/I-40 at I-440 (East) 12 McDonough, GA: I-75 13 Houston, TX: I-10 at I-45 14 Atlanta, GA: I-75 at I-285 (North) 15 Houston, TX: I-45 at I-610 (North) 16 Baton Rouge, LA: I-10 at I-110 17 Rye, NY: I-95 at I-287 18 Atlanta, GA: I-285 at SR 400 19 Chicago, IL: I-80 at I-94 20 Brooklyn, NY: I-278 at Belt Parkway 21 Atlanta, GA: I-20 at I-285 (East) 22 Denver, CO: I-70 at I-25 23 Chicago, IL: I-90 at I-94 (South) 24 Hartford, CT: I-84 at I-91 25 St. Louis, MO: I-64/I-55 at I-44 26 Philadelphia, PA: I-76 at I-676 27 Austin, TX: I-35 28 Portland, OR: I-5 at I-84 29 Chattanooga, TN: I-24 at US 27 30 Houston, TX: I-10 at I-610 (West) 31 Queens, NY: I-495 32 Providence, RI: I-95 at I-195 33 Vancouver, WA: I-5 at Columbia River 34 Houston, TX: I-610 at US 290 35 Corona, CA: I-15 at SR 91 36 Tacoma, WA: I-5 at I-705/SR 16 37 Stamford, CT: I-95 38 Chicago, IL: I-90 at I-94 (North) 39 Bronx, NY: I-678 40 Denver, CO: I-70 at I-270 41 Houston, TX: I-10 at I-610 (East) 42 Memphis, TN: I-55 at I-40 43 Philadelphia, PA: I-476 at I-95 44 Seattle, WA: I-5 at I-90 45 Atlanta, GA: I-20 at I-75/I-85 46 Philadelphia, PA: I-76 at US 1 47 Oakland, CA: I-880 at I-238 48 Federal Way, WA: SR 18 at I-5 49 Nashville, TN: I-40 at I-65 (East) 50 Detroit, MI: I-94 at I-75 51 Waterbury, CT: I-84 at SR 8 52 Atlanta, GA: I-75 at I-675 53 Indianapolis, IN: I-65 at I-70 (North) 54 Dallas, TX: US 75 at I-635 55 Gary, IN: I-65 at I-80 56 Norwalk, CT: I-95 57 Nashville, TN: I-65 at I-24 58 Denver, CO: I-25 at I-76 59 Los Angeles, CA: I-110 at I-105 60 Ft. Worth, TX: I-35W at I-30 61 Charleston, SC: I-26 at I-526 62 Atlanta, GA: I-75 at I-85 63 Oakland, CA: I-80 at I-580/I-880 64 Knoxville, TN: I-40/I-75 at I-140 65 Houston, TX: I-610 at I-69/US 59 (West) 66 Philadelphia, PA: I-76 at I-476 67 Auburn, WA: SR 18 at SR 167 68 Houston, TX: I-45 at Sam Houston Tollway (North) 69 Tampa , FL: I-4 at I-275 70 Stafford, VA: I-95 71 Cincinnati, OH: I-75/I-71 at I-275 72 Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN: I-35E at I-94 73 Manhasset, NY: I-495 at Shelter Rock Road 74 Nyack, NY: I-287 75 Kansas City, MO: I-70 at I-670 at US 71 76 Seattle, WA: I-90 at I-405 77 Richland, MS: US 49 78 Phoenix, AZ: I-17 at I-10 79 Bridgeport, CT: I-95 at SR 8/SR 25 80 Charlotte, NC: I-85 at I-485 (West) 81 Las Vegas, NV: I-15 at I-515 82 New Haven, CT: I-95 at I-91 83 Portland, OR: I-5 at I-205 (South) 84 Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN: I-35W at I-494 85 Indianapolis, IN: I-465 at I-69 86 Camden, NJ: I-76 at I-676 87 Greenville, SC: I-85 at I-385 88 Knoxville , TN: I-40 at I-275 89 Milwaukee, WI: I-94/I-794 at I-43 90 Los Angeles, CA: SR 91 at SR 55 91 Los Angeles, CA: I-710 at I-105 92 Washington, DC: I-95 at I-495 (North) 93 Houston, TX: I-10 at I-69/US 59 94 Tacoma, WA: I-5 at SR 512 95 Nashville, TN: I-65 at SR 386 96 Cincinnati, OH: I-75 at I-74 97 Charlotte, NC: I-77 near Lake Norman 98 Houston, TX: I-45 at I-610 (South) 99 Boston, MA: I-93 at SR 3 100 Baltimore, MD: I-695 at I-70 • Transportation planners use the data to target infrastructure investments. • Trucking fleets use the data to select routes and dispatch to avoid congestion. • Professional drivers use the data for staging and to plan Hours-of-Service breaks. ATRI is the trucking industry’s not-for-profit research organization whose primary mission is to conduct transportation research, with an emphasis on the trucking industry’s essential role in a safe, efficient and viable transportation system. For more information on ATRI’s Top Truck Bottleneck analysis, including a detailed description of the methodology, visit www.TruckingResearch.org. ATRI TOP TRUCK BOTTLENECK ANALYSIS DELIVERS VALUE TO STAKEHOLDERS NATIONWIDE: 2022 TOP 100 TRUCK BOTTLENECKS

16 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch State of the Union Highlights Trucking By Dan Van Alstine | Chairman, American Trucking Associations This article first appeared in Transport Topics on Feb. 17, 2023 IT WAS MY privilege to be in attendance when President Joe Biden recently addressed Congress on the state of our union. Over time, this constitutional requirement has become something of a made-for-television production, full of choreographed pageantry for political pundits to pore over. But as I took in the sights and sounds from the gallery of the House chamber, what struck me as chairman of American Trucking Associations was something you probably didn’t hear from the talking heads on TV. My main takeaway was that our industry remains at the heart of the American story. Beyond a ceremonial box-checking, the State of the Union lays down important markers that will define policy debates in the coming months. As the president articulated his agenda and engaged with members of Congress from both parties, what I heard was a substantial list of issues that are paramount to the success of our industry and its ability to keep the nation moving forward. After COVID elevated trucking to the top of our public consciousness, this speech encapsulated how and why we remain squarely in Washington’s center of gravity and decision-making process. Take infrastructure, for example. The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law was a monumental piece of legislation that ATA was instrumental in securing. We testified more than 25 times on Capitol Hill leading up to the bill’s passage. Thanks to that hard work, we are now seeing a 38% increase in our nation’s road and bridge funding. But that work is far from over. It is critical these funds are now directed to where they are most needed: freight bottlenecks, new highway and bridge construction, intermodal connectors, and truck parking capacity. The new Republican House majority has a vital oversight role in ensuring these funds are spent wisely. In recent weeks, ATA has testified twice before House and Senate committees to drive this point home for lawmakers. We also heard a lot about the various supply chains that we are most dependent on and progress that has been made to alleviate chokepoints up—and downstream. The president cited the bipartisan Ocean Shipping Reform Act, for which ATA also helped secure passage. This bill represents the first major update for laws governing U.S. maritime port operations in more than 20 years, targeting abusive business practices waged by foreign-owned ocean carriers against American truckers. As the central and most critical link in the supply chain, the trucking industry will continue to shape solutions to address these challenges. That includes expanding the talent pools to join our workforce and infrastructure investments that reduce congestion and increase the flow of freight. Energy was another focal point, leading to some spirited back and forth between the president and Republicans. Powering our nation’s trucking fleet is a matter of national and economic security. As policymakers discuss what fuels will power trucks and cars in the future, we are making sure the industry is at the table, and advocating that any policies considered must be responsible, realistic, and have achievable timelines. This debate is only beginning and will have Our voice is essential to keep lawmakers honest and transparent about the road ahead and to shape policies that are financially and technologically feasible for our industry.

17 www.ortrucking.org Issue 1 | 2023 enormous implications for the trucking industry, supply chain and the American consumer. Our voice is essential to keep lawmakers honest and transparent about the road ahead and to shape policies that are financially and technologically feasible for our industry. These many acknowledgments by the president serve as an important reminder that what happens in Washington has far-reaching consequences and a direct impact on trucking. That’s why the power of the collective voice of ATA, and our members, is so important, and so effective. The state of our union is strong so long as our industry remains strong. Our presence on both ends of Pennsylvania Avenue is what make that possible. Dan Van Alstine is president and chief operating officer at Ruan Transportation Management Systems.

18 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch Things Successful Supervisors Do Differently From HR Answers, Inc. WE’VE ALL HAD good supervisors and bad ones, and chances are we remember the characteristics of both vividly. The good ones probably stick out as people who have made a positive impact on our work lives and who made us more successful in our careers. The terrible ones probably showed us the type of supervisors that we don’t want to be and the mistakes we don’t want to make. Outstanding supervisors can create a profound ripple effect in their organizations. Their behavior, integrity, and role modeling rub off on others for the better. Not only do supervisors directly impact their team members, but they indirectly affect others. The people they supervise and manage frequently move on to lead others, often in a way that emulates how they were supervised. Here are several things that successful supervisors do differently that make themselves stand out. 1. They treat others beyond the golden rule Much of what makes certain supervisors more successful than others is going beyond treating others as they would like to be treated—they treat others like they want to be treated. They think of how they would like to be supervised (respectful, consistent, honest, fair, loyal, kind, flexible, empathetic, etc.) and they also realize that they have a group of individuals who may have different needs and desires and they flex and adjust to their staff. That’s what outstanding supervisors do. 2. They radiate integrity Successful supervisors have high integrity. They exude honesty, sincerity, consistency, and credibility regardless of whether they may potentially displease someone or experience some uncomfortable conflict or negative consequences. They say what they mean and follow through on their actions. Likewise, if they aren’t sure of a commitment or promise, they don’t make it, because they realize that failing to follow through time and time again shows that their words are empty, gives their employees false hopes, and makes employees question their commitments. They also know right from wrong and follow a strong moral and ethical code in the workplace. This behavior is frequently correlated with words like ownership and self-accountability. 3. They set the example Along the same lines, successful supervisors walk the talk each and every day. They comply with policies and procedures, follow the rules, model the organization’s culture, and core values, set an example of leadership, and convey all of the behaviors and attitudes they expect of their employees. In addition, outstanding supervisors don’t think they are privy to a different set of work standards than everyone else because of their role and title. They work hard; just like everyone else. 4. They have humility Too much pride and ego get in the way of many supervisors’ effectiveness, which is why successful supervisors have humility. They don’t let their title, authority, and power, go to their head. They don’t assume they know or deserve more than those they supervise, don’t put their success and ego ahead of others, and they influence through inspiring and motivating rather than control, command, or demanding compliance. They are givers rather than takers, more participative than directive, and are quick to take responsibility when things go wrong rather than put the responsibility on others. 5. They listen and communicate well Effective supervisors communicate often and interact with their employees professionally and appropriately. Great supervisors are attentive to and listen closely to the needs of their employees and respond to them accordingly. They keep a pulse on their employees professionally and a bit personally too. In fact, they do more listening than talking, because their job is to help their people solve problems and succeed so that they build a winning team together. 6. They encourage the best in people Outstanding supervisors do more than just manage to results—they look for and encourage the best in their people. They help employees identify and play to their strengths and unique talents and align those strengths in ways that best fulfill the needs of the team. They understand each employee is evergrowing in their professional journey and they encourage and help them to become the best people they can be with their wisdom, knowledge, and leadership. In essence, great supervisors choose to be more like “stewards and mentors” rather than “bosses” who care for, nurture, and support employees. 7. They acknowledge others Acknowledgements can be a rarity in the workplace, and they can truly make an impact in the work lives of your employees, strengthening their

19 www.ortrucking.org Issue 1 | 2023 commitment and motivation. Successful supervisors acknowledge others, particularly their value to the team and the value of their contributions, achievements, and ideas. They give them credit for their work, point out their accomplishments, and acknowledge them either privately or publicly (whatever the employee prefers). 8. They develop talent Successful supervisors develop talent, making everyone smarter and better at their jobs. They cultivate talent and intelligence throughout their team by teaching and mentoring their employees, bringing people together to participate and generate ideas; and giving their team autonomy, authority, and responsibility. They also develop their staff members through delegation to provide grow and stretch opportunities along with autonomy. 9. They lead employees to the right answers Successful supervisors coach employees. They ask open-ended questions and help guide employees toward self-awareness and self-discovery along with providing employees the resources they need to complete a task, suggest people to talk to for guidance, and provide clear instructions and information necessary to do the task. They make themselves available for questions, coaching, and additional support. When employees encounter roadblocks, they offer ideas, suggestions and sometimes advice on how to improve. If you’re a supervisor, consider the fact that you are assigned to spend a significant amount of time per week with your team members and how you might use this time to be a better steward and leader to those you supervise. Supervisors have a tremendous opportunity every day to make a difference in the lives of their employees and create a positive, fulfilling work atmosphere. Article provided by HR Answers. Have questions? Check out their website at www.hranswers.com or contact them at info@hranswers.com or 503.885.9815.

20 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch Focusing on Workforce By Jennifer Sitton | OTA Communications Consultant EVERYWHERE YOU LOOK these days, you’ll see “Help Wanted” or “Hiring” signs posted in storefronts, on online job sites, and often on the backs of trucks as they’re driving down the highway. As so many industries across the country are facing a workforce shortage, so is trucking. Oregon is estimated to see 8.2% growth in trucking-related employment between 2021–2031, with 2,887 job openings per year. But this workforce shortage isn’t new for the trucking industry. From 2017 to 2021, industry members repeatedly ranked driver shortages as the number one issue facing trucking, according to the American Trucking Association. As this workforce shortage continues, OTA is committed to being a leader when it comes to workforce development, including recruiting and training new drivers. OTA recently formed our new Workforce Committee, which will focus on improving labor issues for the industry, including looking for opportunities to promote CDL and Diesel technician careers, promoting additional career opportunities, and looking for creative solutions to improve workforce issues. This new committee will also prioritize increasing awareness around industry shortages and will keep OTA members apprised of opportunities to get involved and help grow our workforce. One way in which our Workforce Committee members are actively working to find creative solutions is to join one of Oregon’s nine regional Workforce Development Boards. Workforce boards are very important because they not only determine which industries or sectors to support with workforce development, they are also responsible for allocating funding to local Worksource or Employment offices to help train workers to support those industries. Because of this, members of these workforce development boards have significant influence over which industries those funds benefit. Oregon’s nine workforce boards are supported by local civic, business and community leaders who collaborate to decide the best ways to leverage funding and resources to build and support the workforce demands of their communities. By law, workforce boards must have a minimum of 51% private industry representation. As of February 2023, the trucking industry has confirmed or pending representation on eight of the nine Oregon workforce boards, giving our industry a seat at the table where these decisions are being made where we haven’t had a voice before. OTA recently saw firsthand how workforce dollars can benefit our industry, as OTA’s President/CEO spoke to a class of graduating CDL Class B drivers who completed a driver training program funded by Work Systems, Worksource Portland Metro, and the Interstate Trucking Academy. Trucking was also well-represented at the on-site job fair that followed the ceremony. Workforce shortages are an issue that will undoubtedly continue to plague our industry, but OTA is committed to doing what we can to recruit and train new drivers and ensure that funding for workforce development for trucking is prioritized. If you are interested in learning more about the workforce board in your region or getting involved with OTA’s workforce committee, please contact our team at info@ortrucking.org.

22 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch SAFETY MATTERS TRUCKING DRIVES THE ECONOMY 67.9% COMMITMENT TO SHARING THE ROAD The Share the Road program sends a team of professional truck drivers to communities around the country to teach car drivers about truck blind spots, stopping distances and how to merge safely around large trucks, all designed to reduce the number of car-truck crashes. COMPETITIVE WAGES Primarily small, locally owned businesses, these companies are served by a wide range of supporting businesses. TRANSPORTING THE ESSENTIALS Improved driver training Investment in advanced safety technologies Active participation in industry safety initiatives at the local, state and national levels Between 1975 and 2020, the U.S. large truck fatal crash rate has dropped Total trucking industry wages paid in Oregon in 2021 exceeded $5.5 billion, with an average annual trucking industry salary of $54,072. CAREERS 101,030 Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers held 22,840 jobs in Oregon in 2021. The national average annual salary of an over-the-road truck driver is $69,387. Trucking industry jobs in Oregon 1 in 16 jobs in the state SMALL BUSINESS EMPHASIS 25,180Trucking companies located in Oregon of manufactured tonnage transported by trucks in Oregon. 122,780 tons per day of communities in the state depend exclusively on trucks to move their goods. 76.9% SAFETY FIRST Oregon Trucking Association members put safety first through: CONTINUALLY IMPROVING 2020 U.S. fatal crash rate per 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT): Oregon ..................................... 1.30 USA.............................................1.47 ortrucking.org ORTrucking.org @OTAOregon /company/oregon- trucking-associations @ortrucking Updated March 2023 with most recent data available Oregon TRUCKING FAST FACTS 90.9%

23 www.ortrucking.org Issue 1 | 2023 DELIVERING A CLEANER TOMORROW TRUCKING PAYS THE FREIGHT THE INDUSTRY INDIVIDUAL COMPANIES As of January 2023, a typical five-axle tractor-semitrailer combination paid highway user fees and taxes of … $10,556 Miles driven on public roads: PARTNERSHIPS Through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) SmartWay Transport Partnership, the trucking industry is working with government and businesses to quantify greenhouse gas emissions and take steps to reduce them. FUEL CONSUMPTION The trucking industry continues to improve energy and environmental efficiency even while increasing the number of miles driven. In 2020: FEDERAL STATE ROADWAY USE Combination trucks accounted for just 18% of the total highway transportation fuel consumed. Combination trucks consumed nearly 112 billion fewer gallons of fuel than passenger vehicles in the U.S. These taxes were over and above the typical taxes paid by businesses in Oregon. 78,991 Miles of public roads in Oregon Trucks: 4.7 billion All Motorists: 32.3 billion EMISSIONS 52% of Oregon commercial trucks are now powered by the newest-generation, near-zero emissions diesel technology. Medium- and heavy-duty trucks contribute just 26% of all transportation-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the U.S. and represent only 7% of total U.S. GHG emissions. The industry paid 28% of all taxes owed by Oregon motorists … … despite trucks representing only 15% of vehicle miles traveled in the state. $22,508 $286 million in federal and state roadway taxes The trucking industry in Oregon paid approximately The following data sources were utilized for the Oregon Fast Facts: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (2021); Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Analysis & Information (2022); American Trucking Associations Driver Compensation Study (2022); Commodity Flow Survey Public Use Microdataset (2017); Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Large Truck and Bus Crash Facts (2020); Federal Highway Administration: Highway; Statistics Series (2020); Diesel Technology Forum Clean Diesel Powers in Your State (2021); Environmental Protection Agency Fast Facts on Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emissions (2020). Oregon TRUCKING FAST FACTS ortrucking.org ORTrucking.org @OTAOregon /company/oregon- trucking-associations @ortrucking

24 Oregon Trucking Association, Inc. Oregon Truck Dispatch TP Trucking OTA Carrier Member THERE ARE FEW industries as quintessentially Oregon as the timber industry. But often, the story of how those timber products are moved to their final destination gets lost in the larger conversation about industry operations. That’s where a quintessentially Oregon trucking company like TP Trucking comes in. A More Efficient Way to Serve Customers TP Trucking was formed in 1964 as the transportation division for Timber Products, one of the nation’s most diversified manufacturing resources for the highest-quality wood products. At the time, Timber Products was already a market leader for veneer and plywood products but recognized that there was a logistical problem with getting their products to their customers in a timely manner—a lack of efficient and available trucks. So, like any entrepreneurial, family-owned business, they solved their problem by establishing their own trucking business, TP Trucking. “Timber Products wanted to guarantee that if they had a customer place an order by 2pm, that order would be delivered to the customer in the Bay Area the next day, and that the truck would come back empty and ready to fulfill the next customer order,” said David Hopkins, TP trucking’s operations manager and a member of OTA’s Board of Directors. “Eventually, our trucks started hauling plywood down to Oakland and bringing plywood glue back to our mills here.” This ability to provide direct mill-to-consumer service to their customers resulted in the creation of a full-fledged trucking company. Today, approximately 20% of TP Trucking’s rigs haul products for Timber Products, including veneer, plywood, or wood chips, while the other 80% of its trucks move products for outside companies, generally timber products, steel, or building products. TP Trucking has continued to grow since it was founded nearly 60 years ago and today has locations outside of Oregon, By Jennifer Sitton | OTA Communications Consultant & Christine Logue | OTA VP of Operations This is a chess game, it’s not a checkers game. We don’t move trucks just to move them. We maximize what we can do with them every time we move them.